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6 Important Hormones You Should Know

You’ve likely heard of hormones before. But do you know how much force they carry inside the body?

Hormones are the body’s chemical messengers. They send signals to the bloodstream and tissues, influencing many different processes including growth and development, metabolism, mood, sexual function, reproduction, and much more.

Hormones are secreted by a network of glands, which are part of your endocrine system. When you have too much or too little hormones, your internal processes can be affected – including the ones mentioned above.

There are more than 50 hormones in the human body, but we want to cover six of them today, to explain their function. This way, you can understand how important hormones are to your overall health.

1. T3 and T4

When it comes to the hormones in the thyroid gland, T3 and T4 are the major players. The thyroid gland regulates your metabolism, which means it plays a role in digestion, hunger, and energy levels. In addition, they modulate your weight, indoor temperature, and the growth of your skin, nails, and hair.

When your body produces too much of these hormones, this is called hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of this include mood swings, difficulty sleeping, weakness, anxiety, sensitivity to heat, and more.

When your body produces too little, this is called hypothyroidism. Symptoms include fatigue, depression, brain fog, weight gain, sensitivity to cold, and more.

2. Melatonin

Your circadian rhythm — or sleep/wake cycle — is your internal clock, mostly dictated by hormones that signal to your body that it’s either time to relax and go to sleep or get up and start the day.

One of these hormones is melatonin. Sunlight inhibits the production of melatonin, which is secreted by the pineal gland. But as day turns into night, your brain produces and releases melatonin to help your mind and body relax and fall asleep.

However, artificial light — from lamps, the TV, or a phone screen — can prevent the brain from releasing melatonin, which prevents you from feeling sleepy or being able to sleep at all.

3. Progesterone and testosterone

While both hormones are present in both sexes, progesterone is sometimes called the “female hormone” and testosterone is sometimes called the “male hormone.” This is because progesterone is more present in women, being produced mostly in the ovaries, and testosterone is more present in men, being produced in the testicles.

Both hormones are heavily involved in reproduction, but outside of this testosterone regulates bone mass, fat distribution, muscle mass and strength, along with red blood cell production; On the other hand, progesterone regulates the health of the skin, nervous system, cognition, and more.

When women do not have enough progesterone, they may experience irregular periods, headaches, mood changes, or loss of sleep.

Men with low testosterone may experience decreased libido, hair loss, fatigue, and decreased muscle mass.

4. Cortisol

Both short and long term stress trigger certain processes in the endocrine system, the most prominent of which is the hormone cortisol. Cortisol, known as the “stress hormone,” is responsible for the fight-or-flight response and adrenaline in situations of extreme stress.

What’s more, cortisol helps control your body’s use of fats, protein, and carbohydrates — which means it has a huge role to play in your metabolism. This means that it can have significant effects on your overall health if your cortisol levels are unstable.

When you’re chronically stressed, your body constantly makes cortisol, which disrupts the systems the hormone is supposed to regulate. As such, chronic stress has been linked to obesity, cardiovascular disease, anxiety and depression, among other health problems.

5. Insulin

When you eat glucose, your body relies on the hormone insulin to properly use the sugar for energy. However, when insulin levels are disrupted, this can cause a serious problem. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by either having little or no insulin in the body or having a condition in which the body cannot use insulin properly, causing the blood sugar to rise.

Normally, before developing type 2 diabetes, a person will have prediabetes and insulin resistance — a condition in which a person has more glucose in their bloodstream than normal because their body is no longer sensitive to the insulin that has been created. Over time, the pancreas simply will not be able to produce enough insulin, and blood sugar will rise and stay too high.

6. Vitamin D

hang on, What? This is correct. Vitamin D is technically a hormone. Synthesized by the sun, vitamin D earned its classification as a hormone because of how it works within the body.

Outside of playing many critical roles throughout the body, vitamin D is synthesized by the sun, and then excreted by the kidneys and liver to perform its functions.

These functions include absorbing calcium from the gut into the bloodstream to strengthen bones, control inflammation, strengthen the immune system, and support a healthy inflammatory response.

Studies also show that vitamin D helps regulate mood, support weight loss, all while reducing disease risk.

Is it sunny where you are?

Unfortunately, unless you’re working out on a beach in paradise, you can’t really count on the sun to get all the vitamin D you need for optimal health.

Additionally, even if you do, you’ll need to make sure you also get adequate levels of vitamin K to help vitamin D work properly.

Purity Health has you covered.

Not only is Micelle Liposomal Vitamin D3/K2 in delicious liquid form, but it’s designed to be absorbed and used by your body for results you can see!

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