What is the difference between vitamins and minerals?
Throughout your life, you have probably seen and heard from doctors, educators, and many advertisements from friends and family members about vitamins and minerals. In fact, you may have seen such information scattered across food and beverage labels. If you’re anything like us, he might be so familiar that you might not even take a double look at him.
But, have you ever wondered what the difference is?
To help you out, today, in this article, we are going to cover the main differences between the two.
What are vitamins?
Basically, vitamins are essential substances that the cells in your body need to function at their peak activity. In particular, they help your body grow and develop. If you don’t get enough vitamins in your diet, you will develop a vitamin deficiency, which can lead to some health problems.
Among all the different types, there are 13 essential ones that you should try to add to your diet. Most of these substances are either fat-soluble or water-soluble. You can easily get these vitamins from various foods, or you can get them from nutritional supplements. If you are not familiar with these vitamins, they are:
- Vitamin AThis helps you maintain healthy bones, teeth, soft tissues, skin and mucous membranes. You can get vitamin A from egg yolks, fortified milk and dairy products, liver, fish, beef, and dark-colored fruits and vegetables.
- Vitamin CThis vitamin is rich in antioxidants that help the body absorb iron. It also helps your tissues stay healthy, as well as your teeth and gums. It is also believed to have immune-boosting benefits, and to help wounds heal quickly. You can find this in the following foods: Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, potatoes, spinach and tomatoes.
- Vitamin D: Vitamin D It helps your body absorb calcium and phosphorous more easily. You can find it in fatty fish, fortified cereals, fish liver oils, and milk and dairy products.
- Vitamin EThis antioxidant helps your body produce red blood cells and helps absorb vitamin K. You can find it in green vegetables, avocados, dark green vegetables, mangoes, papayas, nuts, seeds, and wheat germ.
- Vitamin KHelps bone health and blood clotting. You can find it in broccoli, grains, dark green vegetables, fish, beef, liver and eggs.
- Vitamin B1: This vitamin helps your body change carbohydrates into energy. It also contributes to the health of nerve cells and aids in the functioning of the heart. You can find it in peas, powdered milk, eggs, lean meats, legumes, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
- Vitamin B2This helps your body grow and increase red blood cell production. You can find this in kidneys, lean meats, eggs, broccoli, asparagus, low-fat milk, and spinach.
- Vitamin B3: Vitamin B3 can help contribute to healthy skin and nerves and lower cholesterol. You can find it in fortified cereals, eggs, avocados, legumes, nuts, poultry, potatoes, and lean meats.
- Vitamin B5: This helps speed up your metabolism and helps your metabolism hormone production. You can find it in broccoli, kale, legumes, eggs, milk, mushrooms, organ meats, poultry, whole grains and potatoes.
- Vitamin B6Vitamin B6 helps you manage brain function and manage red blood cell production. You can find it in legumes, nuts, bananas, avocados, poultry, and whole grains.
- Vitamin B7Aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins. It also contributes to healthy hair, nails and skin. You can find this in egg yolks, grains, pork, yeast, nuts, and poultry.
- Vitamin B12: This helps in the production of red blood cells and metabolism. You can find this in eggs, milk, poultry, organ meats, and shellfish.
Water soluble versus fat soluble vitamins
As mentioned earlier, there are two types of vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble. Did you know your body content is It consists of 60% water? Due to the large amount of water content your body retains, water-soluble vitamins are easier to dissolve and consume.
These vitamins are not stored in your body; Instead, they are regularly used for basic purposes, and anything left over is bypassed through your urine as waste. The main water-soluble vitamins are C and B vitamins; However, vitamin B12 is different as it is stored in the liver for a long time.
Conversely, your body stores fat-soluble vitamins. The main ones are vitamins A, D, E and often K; It is best to take these vitamins with fats.
What are minerals?
Minerals are natural substances your body needs hormone productionStrengthening bones and regulating and supporting your heartbeat brain function and muscles. They are mainly divided into two groups of macro minerals and trace minerals.
The main difference is that macrominerals are required in large quantities. The macro minerals are phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulfur and chloride. Meanwhile, the trace minerals are zinc, iodine, manganese, copper, cobalt, selenium, and fluoride.
There are many reasons why your body needs minerals. One is for the nerves and muscles of your body to work well. The other is the function of the electrolyte, maintaining the water-acid balance.
Once you look at all the massive amounts of vitamins and minerals, it can be difficult trying to get them all in your daily diet. In fact, it would be very difficult with food alone, and you would probably have to be a nutritionist to figure out how to improve your diet with all these essential nutrients and vitamins. One way to help get it is by taking supplements.
Some nutritional supplements, such as Vitamin D3 and minerals like boron It can help your body function at its fullest in conjunction with your diet.
Overall, there are 13 essential vitamins and about 7 essential minerals that your body needs to consume to function healthily. They help in important functions like growth and development, Brain health, speeding up your metabolism, contributing to healthy skin and more. Sometimes it is not always easy to get all the essentials on a daily basis.
So to help you, you may want to try a supplement. For a look at which supplements work best for you, check out vegetarian And a friendly vegetarian group here.